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Glossary Of Terms

Antioxidants are compounds that inhibit oxidation. Oxidation is a chemical reaction that can produce free radicals, thereby leading to chain reactions that may damage the cells of organisms.

Bioavailability – the amount of the substance that actually enters the bloodstream and is used by the body.

Broad spectrum oil – An oil rich in CBD and the beneficial cannabinoids capturing the essence of the cannabis plant including natural terpenes and phytonutrients in hemp plant EXCEPT there is absolutely no THC.

Cannabidiol (CBD) – Cannabis plants produce over 400 compounds, and 60 of them are unique to the plant genus Cannabis. The second most common cannabinoid produced by the cannabis plant that is non-psychotropic

CANNABIS – A plant genus that produces three species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis has long been cultivated both for the production of hemp and medicine.

Cannabichromene (CBC) – This third most common cannabinoid, also non-psychoactive, is thought to support mood and joint and muscle function.

Cannabinol (CBN) – Believed to support joint and muscle function and aid a good night’s rest.

Cannabigerol (CBG) – Non-psychoactive and used to support mood and joint and muscle function.

Cannabidivarin (CBDv) – Similar to CBD in its effects.

CBD concentrate or distillate – A full spectrum or broad spectrum product from which unwanted compounds have been removed.

CBD isolate -Purified CBD that does not contain other beneficial terpenes and cannabinoids.

CBD Tinctures – Consumers commonly start using CBD oils in tincture form. CBD tinctures have a lower concentration of CBD oil, so they can be used to ease into treatment. Patients can receive the full benefits of CBD simply by adding a small drop to their food or drink or by using sublingually. Tinctures come in variety of flavors, but can also be purchased with no flavor

Certificate of Analysis (COA) – a certificate/report provided by a testing facility as verification that certain tests were performed, as well as their results. Often contains potency tests, heavy metals tests, solvent tests, and/or terpene tests

Delta (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – The primary psychoactive compound in marijuana that gives users a feeling of euphoria.

Delta(8) THC – Similar to delta(9)-THC, less psychoactive and may support a relaxed mood.

Endocannabinoids – Endocannabinoids are small molecules which bind to activate cannabinoid receptors. Unlike phytocannabinoids, endocannabinoids are produced naturally in the body. They are produced from fat-like cells on demand and have a similar effect (and potential health benefit) to phytocannabinoids. This is seen in how endocannabinoids regulate the communication of neurons as well as the body’s anti-inflammatory response.

Endocannabinoid System or ECS– The endogenous cannabinoid system, or endocannabinoid system (ECS) for short, can be thought of as the traffic control center for the body. The ECS consists of two primary cannabinoid receptors, CB1 receptors (most abundant in the central nervous system) and CB2 receptors (more abundant in the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and peripheral nervous systems).

Entourage Effect – a concept where all of the components (cannabinoids, terpenes, etc) in the plant work together in the body, boosting each other to create a balanced, synergistic effect. Typically lacking in isolate products.

Flavonoids – Flavonoids are a group of phytonutrients found in most plants and, along with carotenoids, are responsible for the vivid colors you see among fruits and vegetables. There are approximately 4,000 flavonoid subtypes (flavanols, anthocyanins, isoflavones, etc.).

FLOWER – Flowers produce the resin that contains their active cannabinoids. Cannabis flowers are the hairy, sticky, resin-covered buds that are harvested and dried to be used as medication.

FULL SPECTRUM – Full spectrum refers to capturing the entire essence of the cannabis plant. A full spectrum product means that all of the natural terpenes, cannabinoids, and phytonutrients are present including the THC.

Hemp – any cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis

Hemp seed oil – Oil produced from hemp seeds, does not contain CBD.

Homeostasis – Self-regulating process of any system in the body; your body automatically finding balance

Marijuana – Marijuana is a mixture of plant material and the dried flowers of Cannabis Sativa. Though it is often used recreationally, marijuana also has a number of medical uses. It contains high levels of THC, which is the primary psychoactive component that gives patients the euphoric feeling generally associated with the drug. Resin is found mainly in the female plant, which growers harvest and dry. Marijuana also contains 500 other compounds, with greater than 100 being from the cannabinoids family

Nano Technology – CBD made with water-soluble hemp extract in a nanoemulsion form. Compared with oil-based tinctures, the nano-tinctures have many benefits, most important of which are a quicker product response times (minutes vs. hours) and higher bioavailability.

Photocannabinoid hemp extract – A high-quality, full or broad spectrum product which is rich in CBD and contains the naturally occurring compounds in hemp, including cannabinoids and terpenes.

Phytocannabinoid-rich oil (PCR) or CBD Oil – Either full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD concentrate or oil infused with CBD concentrate.

Raw industrial hemp extract – A low-quality source of CBD oil.

SOLVENTS – Chemical and organic solvents, most commonly butane, propane, ethanol and CO2 are commonly used in extracting specific cannabinoids such as THC or CBD.

Sublingual – a consumption method that entails you applying the product under the tongue.

Terpenes – Terpenes are responsible for giving Cannabis its fragrant scent and taste. They are aromatic oils that the plan produces and makes it taste fruity, minty, earthy or citrusy and give a distinct aroma. (Common types are lemon, lavender and mint)

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCv) – Less psychoactive than THC.

THC – The abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the most well-known and most abundantly available cannabinoid in cannabis plants. THC is also the component in cannabis that is responsible for the intoxicating effects, or the “high.” Research has shown THC to be an effective medical treatment for a range of conditions.

Topical – a product or method that requires you to apply the product to the skin topically. Does not get into bloodstream

TRANSDERMAL – A consumption method in which the cannabinoids penetrate all layers of the skin to reach your bloodstream. This affects acute discomfort and normal inflammation throughout the body, regardless of the location of discomfort. Transdermal patches release slowly, so they deliver the full cannabinoid content over the course of 12 hours.

Water Soluble CBD – A cannabis product that mimics water solubility, often through the use of liposomes or nanoemulsion techniques. Since oil and water do not mix, CBD oil is transformed into a nanoemulsified liquid or powder that can be dissolved in water to manufacture stable finished products or for direct consumption. This offers higher bioavailability (and enhanced efficacy) and makes it more permeable to the skin in topical applications.

Wellness – the state of being in good health, especially as an actively pursued goal.